10 Must-visit Castles In Japan

must-visit castles in japan

We checked out the castles in Japan and made a list of the must-visit castles in Japan. Check it out!

Imagine towering fortresses cloaked in ancient secrets, whispers of samurai echoing through labyrinthine corridors, and panoramic vistas unfolding from atop majestic keeps. This is the reality that awaits you in Japan’s captivating castles. 

From the ethereal elegance of Himeji Castle to the stoic resilience of Kumamoto Castle, each structure is a time capsule, transporting you to the heart of a bygone era. 

So, lace up your walking shoes and prepare to be awestruck by these five must-visit castles in Japan.

Must-visit Castles In Japan

Himeji Castle (Hyogo)

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Himeji Castle, nestled atop Himeyama Hill in Hyogo, Japan, is not just a castle; it’s a national treasure and a UNESCO World Heritage Site for a reason. 

Its elegant beauty and remarkable resilience have earned it the nickname “White Heron Castle,” and a visit here promises a journey through time and architectural wonder.

Must-visit Castles In Japan

A Testament to Ingenuity: But Himeji is not just a pretty face. Built in the early 17th century, it’s a masterpiece of defensive architecture. Its complex network of moats, gates, and towers, including the imposing Hanzomon Gate, were designed to deter even the most determined attackers. 

The castle’s ingenious use of water channels and hidden passages showcases the brilliance of Japanese engineering.

A Journey Through History: Stepping inside the castle is like entering a time capsule. Explore the various levels of the keep, each offering unique views and insights into the lives of its former inhabitants. 

Witness the intricate woodwork and hidden chambers, and imagine the samurai warriors who once roamed these halls.

More than Just a Castle: Himeji Castle is not an isolated monument. It’s surrounded by beautiful gardens like Koko-en, where you can stroll amidst serene ponds and traditional tea houses. 

The surrounding city of Himeji also offers charming shops, delicious local cuisine, and a vibrant cultural scene.

Why Visit? Himeji Castle is more than just a castle; it’s a symbol of Japanese history, resilience, and artistry. It’s a place to connect with the past, marvel at architectural genius, and experience the beauty of traditional Japan. 

Whether you’re a history buff, an architecture enthusiast, or simply someone who appreciates stunning landscapes, Himeji Castle is guaranteed to leave you awestruck. So, lace up your shoes, pack your camera, and prepare to be enchanted by this timeless masterpiece.

Matsumoto Castle (Nagano)

In the heart of Nagano, nestled amidst the majestic Japanese Alps, lies Matsumoto Castle. Unlike the ethereal beauty of Himeji, Matsumoto exudes a rugged charm, earning it the nickname “Crow Castle” for its weathered black roof. 

This five-story keep, the oldest surviving wooden castle tower in Japan, stands tall with an air of medieval mystique, transporting you back to the age of samurai battles and political intrigue.

Step inside and lose yourself in the labyrinthine passageways and hidden chambers within the imposing structure. 

Matsumoto Castle (Nagano)

Each twist and turn reveals defensive features like the cleverly disguised “masugata” loopholes and the ingenious “nightingale floors” that creaked underfoot, alerting occupants to any intruders. 

History whispers from every floorboard and staircase, making you feel like a detective unraveling the castle’s secrets.

Matsumoto’s story is one of remarkable resilience. It has weathered numerous battles, natural disasters, and even fires, yet its imposing structure stands strong, a testament to its ingenious design and the dedication of its past guardians. 

This endurance, along with its unique architectural style, earned it the prestigious status of a National Treasure.

But the castle’s magic extends beyond its historical significance. The grounds offer a haven of serenity in the Ninomaru Garden, a peaceful oasis of manicured greenery and serene ponds. Immerse yourself in Japanese history at the Matsumoto City Museum of Art, where fascinating exhibits bring the past to life. 

Whether you’re fascinated by samurai lore, intrigued by defensive strategies, or simply appreciate the beauty of unique architecture, Matsumoto Castle promises an unforgettable journey through time.

So, pack your curiosity and sense of adventure, and prepare to be captivated by this timeworn jewel that stands guard over the Japanese Alps. 

Let the “Crow Castle” whisper its secrets, transport you to the past, and leave you with a sense of awe and wonder.

Osaka Castle (Osaka)

Towering over the bustling metropolis of Osaka, Osaka Castle is more than just a landmark; it’s a symbol of the city’s vibrant history and spirit. 

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Rising from the lush greenery of its surrounding park, the castle, with its gleaming golden roof, beckons visitors with a promise of adventure and breathtaking views.

Osaka Castle (Osaka)

A Legacy of Power: Built in the late 16th century by a powerful warlord, Osaka Castle served as a symbol of his ambition and control. Its imposing five-story main keep, crowned with the iconic “Momoyama” roof, was a testament to its military prowess. 

Today, the castle stands as a reminder of a bygone era, its walls whispering tales of battles and intrigue.

A Feast for the Senses: Step inside the castle and be transported to a world of intricate detail and craftsmanship. Explore the various levels, each offering unique insights into the lives of its former inhabitants. 

Osaka Castle (Osaka)

Marvel at the ornate gold leaf decorations, the imposing wooden beams, and the breathtaking views from the observation deck.

Beyond the Walls: Osaka Castle is not just a historical relic; it’s a vibrant hub of activity. Stroll through the expansive park surrounding the castle, enjoying the serene beauty of the Nishinomaru Garden or the lively atmosphere of the Osaka Castle Park Festival. 

Take a boat ride on the Dotombori River, offering a unique perspective of the castle and the surrounding cityscape.

Why Visit? Osaka Castle is a must-visit for anyone who wants to experience the heart and soul of Osaka. It’s a place to connect with the city’s rich history, marvel at architectural wonders, and enjoy the beauty of nature. 

Whether you’re a history buff, a nature lover, or simply seeking a unique experience, Osaka Castle has something to offer everyone.

Nijo Castle (Kyoto)

In the heart of Kyoto, hidden behind imposing walls and verdant gardens, lies Nijo Castle. Unlike the stark power of Osaka Castle, Nijo whispers of elegance and intrigue. Built by a Tokugawa shogun as a luxurious retreat, it’s a portal to a world of gilded opulence and refined beauty.

Step into a Gilded Dream: Inside, prepare to be dazzled. Walls shimmer with gold leaf, their delicate paintings depicting scenes of Japanese folklore and nature. 

Every detail, from the intricately carved ceiling panels to the polished tatami mats, speaks of wealth and craftsmanship. Imagine the shogun strolling these corridors, surrounded by advisors and attendants, amidst the hushed whispers of power.

Secrets Underfoot: Nijo Castle holds a hidden weapon – the infamous “nightingale floors.” These ingenious planks creak underfoot, alerting occupants to approaching footsteps. Step softly and feel the thrill of a secret world, where every sound held meaning, every movement mattered.

Beyond the Golden Walls: But Nijo Castle is more than just opulent interiors. Explore the serene Ninomaru Garden, an oasis of meticulously-raked gravel and tranquil ponds. Witness a traditional tea ceremony in the adjacent Shoin, savoring the quiet refinement of Japanese culture.

Why Visit? Nijo Castle offers a glimpse into the luxurious world of Edo-period shoguns. It’s a place to experience the pinnacle of Japanese craftsmanship, appreciate the subtle beauty of traditional design, and unravel the hidden secrets whispered in its gilded halls.

So, pack your curiosity and prepare to be enchanted. Let Nijo Castle transport you to a bygone era of power and elegance, where every detail reveals a story waiting to be discovered. Step into the golden dream and awaken your senses to the timeless allure of Kyoto’s hidden gem.

Hirosaki Castle (Aomori)

Nestled amidst the emerald embrace of Hirosaki Park, Hirosaki Castle reigns as a fairytale dream in the heart of Aomori. Unlike the imposing grandeur of Osaka or the gilded opulence of Nijo, Hirosaki whispers a delicate charm, its beauty blossoming with every season.

A Springtime Spectacle: Imagine strolling through a wonderland of pink. In spring, Hirosaki Park transforms into a sea of cherry blossoms, their delicate petals framing the castle’s graceful silhouette. 

The air hums with the buzz of bees and the chatter of excited visitors, all captivated by the scene before them.

A Timeless Treasure: But Hirosaki Castle’s beauty transcends fleeting seasons. Its three-story main keep, the only remaining original castle tower in the Tohoku region, is a testament to the resilience of Japanese craftsmanship. 

Explore its elegant interiors, adorned with traditional wood carvings and paintings, and feel the weight of history in every creaking floorboard.

More Than Just a Castle: Hirosaki Castle is a gateway to a world of exploration. Wander through the serene beauty of the Fujita Memorial Japanese Garden, where manicured landscapes and koi ponds offer a moment of tranquility. 

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Visit the Hirosaki City Museum, where fascinating exhibits delve into the region’s rich history and culture.

Why Visit? Hirosaki Castle is more than just a historical landmark; it’s a vibrant hub of activity. 

Enjoy a leisurely picnic beneath the cherry blossoms in spring, witness the castle illuminated against the night sky during the Neputa Matsuri festival, or simply soak up the serene atmosphere of the park year-round.

So, pack your sense of wonder and prepare to be enchanted. Let Hirosaki Castle paint your memories with the delicate hues of spring, the timeless elegance of its architecture, and the warmth of Aomori’s embrace. 

Whether you seek historical intrigue, natural beauty, or a touch of fairytale magic, Hirosaki Castle promises an unforgettable journey.

Okayama Castle (Okayama)

In the heart of Okayama, amidst sprawling gardens and tranquil waterways, rises Okayama Castle, also known as “Crow Castle” for its majestic black exterior. 

Unlike the ethereal grace of Himeji or the ornate grandeur of Nijo, Okayama exudes a unique charm, its beauty unfolding like a graceful heron taking flight.

Okayama Castle

A Vision in Black: Imagine a castle that defies expectations. Instead of gleaming white walls, Okayama’s imposing five-story keep boasts a striking black exterior, reminiscent of a watchful crow perched amidst the greenery. 

The contrast is striking, creating an aura of mystery and intrigue that draws visitors in.

A Haven of Gardens: But Okayama Castle is more than just a striking silhouette. Its sprawling grounds are a haven of serene beauty, offering a welcome respite from the bustle of the city. 

Okayama Castle (Okayama)

Stroll through the Korakuen Garden, a masterpiece of Japanese landscape design, where koi ponds and meticulously-sculpted bonsai trees create a sense of harmony and tranquility

A Taste of History: Step inside the castle and delve into its rich history. Explore the well-preserved interiors, adorned with traditional wood carvings and delicate paintings. 

Climb the observation deck and witness breathtaking panoramas of the city and surrounding gardens, imagining the feudal lords who once surveyed their domain from this vantage point.

More Than Just a Castle: Okayama Castle is a vibrant hub of activity. Witness traditional tea ceremonies in the adjacent garden teahouse, sample local delicacies at nearby restaurants, or take a boat ride on the Asahikawa River, offering a unique perspective of the castle and its surroundings.

Why Visit? Okayama Castle is more than just a historical landmark; it’s a gateway to a world of cultural immersion and natural beauty. 

It’s a place to experience the unique charm of Okayama, where history whispers from ancient walls, nature unfolds in stunning gardens, and the spirit of a watchful heron takes flight.

Kumamoto Castle (Kumamoto)

In Kyushu’s heart, Kumamoto Castle stands like a stoic black bear, its imposing stone walls bearing the scars of battles and time. 

Nicknamed “Gokoku-jo” (Castle of National Protection), it’s a testament to Japanese resilience and a must-visit for history buffs and architecture enthusiasts alike.

Kumamoto Castle (Kumamoto)

Though parts of the castle are still under restoration after the 2016 earthquakes, its spirit remains unbroken. 

Explore the labyrinthine gates and turrets, marvel at the intricate stonework, and imagine the samurai warriors who once walked these halls. Hike up Mt. Sakamoto for breathtaking views of the castle and the city, or lose yourself in the serenity of the Honmaru Goten gardens.

Kumamoto Castle is more than just a monument; it’s a living legacy of Japanese history and culture. So, pack your curiosity and prepare to be awestruck by this black bear of a castle, standing tall as a symbol of resilience and beauty.

Matsuyama Castle (Ehime)

Rising gracefully atop Katsuyama Hill in Ehime, Matsuyama Castle reigns supreme, not just as a symbol of the city but as a living testament to Japan’s feudal past. 

Imagine a bird’s-eye view of the surrounding cityscape and Seto Inland Sea, framed by the elegant contours of its white and grey walls.

A Timeless Jewel: Unlike the stark power of Osaka Castle or the ethereal charm of Himeji, Matsuyama’s beauty lies in its understated elegance.

Its three-story main keep, clad in weathered wooden panels and topped with a graceful roof, blends seamlessly with the surrounding greenery. Each stone path, intricately carved gate, and hidden turret whispers tales of battles fought and dynasties that thrived.

Matsuyama Castle (Ehime)

A Journey Through Time: Step inside the castle and embark on a historical odyssey. Explore the well-preserved interiors, adorned with samurai armor and traditional paintings. 

Climb the observation deck and witness panoramic vistas that would have taken the breath away from feudal lords centuries ago. Imagine the clang of swords echoing through these halls, the hushed pronouncements of samurai chiefs, and the quiet whispers of courtly intrigue.

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Beyond the Castle Walls: Matsuyama Castle is more than just a historical relic; it’s a bustling hub of activity. Stroll through the serene Dogo Onsen district, renowned for its traditional bathhouses and charming architecture. 

Witness breathtaking views of the castle and city from the top of Mt. Matsuyama, accessible by a thrilling ropeway ride.

Why Visit? Matsuyama Castle is a must-visit for anyone seeking a glimpse into Japan’s rich history and breathtaking scenery. It’s a place to connect with the past, marvel at architectural ingenuity, and relish the panoramic beauty of Ehime.

Inuyama Castle (Aichi)

Nestled amidst the verdant slopes of Aichi Prefecture, Inuyama Castle stands as a living testament to Japan’s ancient past. 

Unlike the grand opulence of Osaka or the ethereal grace of Himeji, Inuyama exudes a rustic charm, its weathered wooden walls whispering tales of samurai and feudal intrigue.

Inuyama Castle (Aichi)

The Oldest Treasure: Inuyama boasts the unique distinction of being the oldest surviving castle keep in Japan. Built in the late 1440s, its five-story silhouette, crowned with a distinctive “hirajiro” roof, has weathered centuries of storms and battles. 

Stepping into its grounds is like stepping back in time, transported to a world of wooden ramparts and hidden passageways.

A Walk Through History: Explore the castle’s well-preserved interiors, each level offering a glimpse into the lives of its former inhabitants. 

Witness the intricate woodwork, hidden chambers, and even a lookout point that once guarded against approaching enemies. Imagine the samurai warriors who walked these floors, the clanking of armor, and the hushed negotiations that shaped the course of history.

More Than Just a Castle: Inuyama’s magic extends beyond its historical walls. Stroll through the serene Maruyama Park, where ancient maple trees whisper secrets and cherry blossoms paint the spring in breathtaking hues.

Sample local delicacies at nearby stalls, or take a relaxing boat ride down the Kiso River, offering a unique perspective of the castle.

Why Visit? Inuyama Castle is more than just a museum; it’s a living, breathing experience. It’s a chance to connect with Japan’s rich history, marvel at architectural resilience, and soak in the serenity of its surrounding nature.

Shuri Castle (Okinawa)

Amidst the vibrant coral reefs and tropical beauty of Okinawa, Shuri Castle stands as a phoenix reborn from the ashes. 

This Ryukyuan gusuku, once the opulent palace of the Ryukyu Kingdom, whispers tales of ancient traditions and a resilient spirit. 

Unlike the stark grandeur of Osaka or the ethereal grace of Himeji, Shuri exudes a unique charm, blending Chinese and Japanese influences into a stunning architectural tapestry.

Shuri Castle (Okinawa)

A Legacy of Power and Beauty: Imagine a castle crowned with vermilion roofs, its walls adorned with intricate carvings and delicate painted motifs. This was Shuri in its prime, a symbol of the Ryukyu Kingdom’s prosperity and cultural exchange. 

Explore the restored Seiden main hall, marvel at the gold-leafed interiors, and stand on the Una Plaza where royal ceremonies once unfolded.

A Journey Through Time: Though parts of the castle are still under reconstruction after a devastating fire in 2019, the spirit of Shuri remains vibrant. 

Walk through the serene gardens, once reserved for royalty, and imagine the rustling of silk robes and the gentle clinking of teacups. 

Witness traditional Ryukyu dances performed in the courtyard, and let the music transport you back to a bygone era.

Why Visit? Shuri Castle is a must-visit for anyone seeking a glimpse into Okinawa’s fascinating history and vibrant culture. It’s a place to connect with the island’s past, witness the power of resilience, and experience the warmth of Okinawan hospitality.


From ethereal elegance to stoic resilience, these Japanese castles are testaments to history, architectural wonder, and the enduring spirit of a nation. 

Whether you seek fairy-tale beauty, samurai whispers, or breathtaking panoramas, these castles promise unforgettable journeys through time and tradition. 

So lace up your shoes, let your curiosity be your guide, and discover the magic that awaits within each towering wall.

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