Guide To Bathing In Japan | How To Take A Bath In Japan?

guide to japanese bath

Uncover the serenity of Japanese bathing! This guide to bathing in Japan explores onsen, sento, ryokan baths, etiquette, & tips. Immerse yourself in a cultural ritual of renewal!

Bathing in Japan is not just a routine but a deeply ingrained cultural practice that combines cleanliness, relaxation, and community. The concept of “ofuro,” or bath, is central to Japanese daily life, offering a sanctuary for both body and soul.

bathing in japan

Guide To Bathing In Japan

Types of Baths In Japan

Onsen (Hot Springs)

Japan, a country blessed with a geothermal wonderland, has a profound relationship with onsen, or hot springs. These natural baths are more than just a place to cleanse; they are revered for their therapeutic benefits. 

Originating from volcanic activity, onsen water is rich in minerals, believed to alleviate various ailments and promote overall well-being. 

The experience of soaking in an onsen is not only a physical rejuvenation but also a spiritual one, connecting bathers to the ancient forces that shape the Japanese landscape.

Onsen facilities come in various forms, each catering to different preferences. Indoor onsen provides a sheltered environment, allowing visitors to indulge in the warmth of the mineral-rich waters even during colder seasons. 

On the other hand, outdoor onsen, known as rotenburo, offers a unique communion with nature. Set against scenic backdrops, rotenburo experiences vary with the changing seasons, providing bathers with a dynamic and immersive encounter with the environment.

Sento (Public Baths)

In urban landscapes, where natural hot springs may be scarce, sento, or public baths, offer an affordable alternative. While lacking the geothermal allure of onsens, sento play a crucial role in the daily lives of many Japanese. 

These communal spaces are not just about cleansing the body but also serve as social hubs, where locals gather to unwind and connect.

Unlike the secluded nature of onsen, sento embodies the urban lifestyle. Affordable and accessible, they are a testament to the Japanese commitment to cleanliness and shared spaces. 

Sento often reflects the unique character of the neighborhood, adding a local flavor to the bathing experience. The practice of communal bathing in sento fosters a sense of community, reinforcing the Japanese cultural value of harmony in shared spaces.

Ryokan Baths

For a more immersive and luxurious bathing experience, ryokan, traditional Japanese inns, stand as epitomes of hospitality. 

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Beyond offering a place to rest, ryokan often feature private baths for guests, allowing them to enjoy the therapeutic benefits of onsen in a more intimate setting. This personalized experience adds a layer of exclusivity to the already rich tapestry of Japanese bathing culture.

Many ryokans boast open-air rotenburo, providing guests with a unique opportunity to connect with nature. 

Surrounded by carefully manicured gardens or nestled against scenic landscapes, these baths offer a tranquil escape. 

The combination of traditional architecture, attentive service, and serene bathing environments make ryokan baths a quintessential part of the Japanese cultural experience.

Bathing Etiquette in Japan

Before Entering

The Japanese approach to bathing is not merely about the act itself but begins with a meticulous pre-bath cleansing ritual. Before stepping into the communal bath, it is customary to shower thoroughly. 

This initial cleansing is not only a physical preparation but also a symbolic one, shedding the stresses of the day and entering the bath with a fresh perspective.

Small towels, often provided by the bathing facility, are used for washing, while a larger towel is reserved for drying off. This practice emphasizes the importance of maintaining cleanliness throughout the bathing process. 

Traditional baths may also feature stools and buckets, encouraging bathers to sit while washing, reinforcing the cultural significance of a thorough cleansing.

Inside the Bath

Once inside the bath, a profound transformation takes place. Silence is not just encouraged; it is expected. The act of soaking is a meditative experience, and respect for others’ serenity is paramount. 

Unlike Western bathing practices, Japanese baths are not for vigorous scrubbing. Soap is left behind, and the focus shifts to the simple yet profound act of soaking. 

This emphasis on relaxation aligns with the Japanese cultural value of finding harmony in moments of quietude.

As bathers submerge themselves in the soothing waters, the absence of soap amplifies the sensory experience. Some may choose to enhance this experience further by adding bath salts or herbs, each carrying its own therapeutic properties. 

This practice not only contributes to the physical benefits of bathing but also underscores the cultural appreciation for holistic well-being.

After Bathing

Exiting the bath marks the transition to the post-bathing routine. Shampooing and conditioning are done in designated areas outside the bathing zone, preventing any residue from entering the communal waters. 

Drying off thoroughly before leaving is not just a practical consideration; it is a continuation of the commitment to cleanliness and order.

The meticulousness associated with Japanese customs is reflected in every step of the bathing process. 

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From the initial shower to the post-bath rituals, each action is imbued with a sense of purpose, creating a seamless and tranquil bathing experience.

Additional Tips and Considerations

  • Tattoos

While attitudes towards tattoos in Japan are evolving, some onsen and sento may still have restrictions. It’s advisable to check the policies of individual establishments to avoid any potential discomfort. 

Some places provide cover-up options to accommodate tattooed visitors, but awareness and respect for local norms are crucial.

  • Hair and Clothing

Long hair should be tied up before entering the bath to maintain cleanliness. Unlike Western bathing areas, swimwear is not used in Japanese baths. The acceptance of nudity in these spaces is a cultural norm that encourages a sense of equality and unity among bathers.

  • Children

Bathing with children is generally accepted in family-oriented facilities, and many onsen and sento cater specifically to families. 

However, it’s important to be mindful of cultural norms and the comfort of other bathers when bringing children to public baths. 

Teaching children about the significance of quietude and respect in these spaces is a valuable cultural lesson.

  • Respecting Local Customs

Fully embracing the Japanese bathing experience goes beyond following the established etiquettes; it involves respecting local customs. 

Observing the behavior of other bathers, adapting to unspoken rules, and being mindful of cultural nuances contribute to a more enriching experience. 

By embracing the local customs of each bathing facility, visitors become active participants in the cultural tapestry woven into the Japanese bathing tradition.

Conclusion: A Ritual of Renewal

In conclusion, bathing in Japan transcends the ordinary; it is a ritual of renewal deeply embedded in the cultural fabric of the nation. 

As one immerses oneself in the serene waters, the experience becomes more than just a physical cleansing—it becomes a communion with tradition and nature. 

The significance of onsen, sento, and ryokan baths extends beyond the thermal properties of the water; it reflects a commitment to holistic well-being and shared cultural values.

To fully appreciate the Japanese approach to bathing is to embrace not only the physical rituals but also the spiritual essence embedded in each moment. 

The tranquility found in the quietude of the bath is a metaphor for the broader cultural emphasis on finding harmony in the midst of life’s ebb and flow.

We invite you to partake in this ritual, to immerse yourself in the enriching experience of Japanese bathing. May you find serenity, renewal, and a deeper connection to a tradition that has withstood the test of time. 

As you navigate the waters of onsen, sento, and ryokan baths, may you discover not just the cleansing power of the water but also the rejuvenation of body, mind, and spirit.

Bonus Section:

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Glossary of Key Japanese Terms

  • Ofuro (お風呂): Bath
  • Onsen (温泉): Hot Spring
  • Rotenburo (露天風呂): Outdoor Bath
  • Sento (銭湯): Public Bath
  • Ryokan (旅館): Traditional Japanese Inn


  • Budget-Friendly Option: Explore local sento for an authentic communal experience.
  • Private Luxury: Consider staying at a ryokan for a more intimate and exclusive bath experience.

Taking a Bath in Japan: FAQs

What are the rules for bathing in an onsen?

The most crucial rules you need to follow when bathing in an onsen are as follows:

  • Undress and go naked to the bath
  • Take a shower in the shower area before getting into the water
  • Get into the water slowly and carefully
  • Don’t swim around in the bath
  • Keep quiet and don’t talk too much
  • Don’t take any of your electrical devices like phones and camera
  • Don’t run around
  • Don’t wear any make up 
  • Don’t stay too long

How long do Japanese people bath?

Japanese people are known to love bathing, especially in public baths. The duration of how long Japanese people bathe depends from person to person but most people spend between 20 to 30 minutes in the bath.

Is it normal to bathe with friends in Japan?

It’s a traditional Japanese practice to bathe naked in public bathhouses with friends, family, or even complete strangers. The Japanese people believe that being completely naked in baths will help them drain away their stress and any physical pain. In addition, it’s beneficial to swim naked in onsen as you can easily absorb the minerals to your body

Why are tattoos not allowed in onsen?

People with tattoos aren’t allowed into onsen because the Japanese believe that tattoos are associated with organized crime and hence people with tattoos are frowned upon in Japan. Although it’s an old age thought, the Japanese people are still wary about tattoos.

Are onsens unisex?

Onsen is a public bathhouse where natural hot spring water is used for bathing. In ancient Japanese traditions, both men and women would bathe together. However, currently, onsens have separate onsen facilities for both genders. There are also a couple of onsens in Japan that are unisex.

Can you wear a towel in an onsen?

You can wear a towel to the onsen but you’re supposed to leave the towel in a basket and go naked to the water. You can still hold a small towel to wipe your face but it should only be kept on your head. 

What is a sento in Japan?

Sento refers to public bathhouses in Japan where people can visit for a warm and relaxing bath. It became popular after World War 2 when people didn’t have bathing areas in their homes and would visit the public bathhouse for a bath. 

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Written by Ava Sato

Hiya! I'm the main author of Japan Truly. I love everything Japan and love testing out Japanese products, be it skincare and makeup or gadgets! You'll find reviews of some of the best selling Japanese products (tried and tested) right here!

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